Horse Guards & Admiralty House, London

Horse Guards, Whitehall

Horse Guards is a historic building in the City of Westminster, London, between Whitehall and Horse Guards Parade. It was built in the mid-18th century, replacing an earlier building, as a barracks and stables for the Household Cavalry, later becoming an important military headquarters. Horse Guards functions as a gatehouse giving access between Whitehall and St James’s Park via gates on the ground floor. It originally formed the entrance to the Palace of Whitehall and later St James’s Palace; for that reason it is still ceremonially defended by the Queen’s Life Guard

Household Cavalry Museum

London Horse Guards, Whitehall
Dated & postmarked 1905
Publisher: Pictorial Post Card Company (1904-1909)
(There are lines of glitter across the open space at the front & outlining some parts of the building.)

Street View

London. Horse Guards from St James Park
Publisher: F. Frankel & Co. (1904-1916)

This is the opposite side of the building in the card above and the building that can be partially seen on the right in the card below.

New Admiralty & Horse Guards Parade, London
Publisher: Rotary Photographic Company (1899-1921)

Street View

Admiralty House in London is a Grade I listed building facing Whitehall, currently used for UK government functions and as ministerial flats. It was opened in 1788 and until 1964 was the official residence of the First Lords of the Admiralty. Admiralty House is a four-story building of yellow brick. The front facade has a symmetrical facade of three broad bays and one additional small bay at the southern end. The rear facade is of five bays and faces Horse Guards Parade, with a basement-level exit under the corner of the Old Admiralty Building. The front of the house faces Whitehall; its main entrance is in the corner of the Ripley Courtyard, cutting through the corner of the older Ripley Building, to which it is connected on the first and second floors.

Admiralty House was, from 1786 until 1964, the residence of the First Lord of the Admiralty. Sometimes described as the ‘smallest Great House’ in London, this elegant suite of rooms demonstrates the skill of its architect, Samuel Pepys Cockerell. Earl Howe, the First Sea Lord of the Admiralty in 1785, asked Parliament for a financial grant with which to build, ‘a few rooms wherein I might dwell in greater privacy’. The grant was made and the architect appointed. Pepys Cockerell’s solution to the problem of how to fit a grand house into a very small space was to turn the design sideways, with interconnecting main rooms. The steep, doubly-wound stair is lit by an elegant lunette.
Open House London

Survey of London: Volume 16, St Martin-in-The-Fields I: Charing Cross (1935). Chapter 4: Admiralty House (includes plans)

London – Changing the Guard at the Horse Guards, Whitehall
Postmarked 1927

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