Red Fort, Delhi


Scale of Justice, Fort Delhi 
Caption: Interior Scale of Justice Fort Delhi. A marvel of whithe[?] marble with colouring of an unrivalled beauty.
Larger version

Red Fort constructed 1639-48 for Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan.

“The Red fort contains all the paraphernalia of the Mughal dynasty including the halls of public and private audience (‘Diwan-i-Am’ and ‘Diwan-i-Khas’), domed and arched marble palaces, plush private apartments, a mosque (Moti Masjid) and richly designed gardens. While the emperor would hear complaints of his subjects at the ‘Diwan-i-Am’, he held private meetings at the ‘Diwan-i-Khas’. The fort also houses the Royal Bath or the ‘Hammam’, the ‘Shahi Burj’ (Shah Jahan’s private working area) and the famous Pearl Mosque, built by Aurangzeb. In the ‘Rang Mahal’ or the Palace of Colors, lived the Emperor’s wives and mistresses.” (From Cultural India.)



No caption.

Interior of Saman Burj and the Scale of Justice.

“The Tasbih-Khana (‘chamber for counting beads for private prayers’) consists of three rooms, behind which is the Khwabgah (‘sleeping-chamber’). On the northern screen of the former is a representation of the Scales of Justice, which are suspended over a crescent amidst stars and clouds.” ( From Archaeological Survey of India (ASI))

“The Khas Mahal was used as the emperor’s private residence. The palace was divided into three parts namely the chamber of telling beads, sitting room and sleeping chamber. The palace was decorated with white marble and floral embellishments and the ceiling was gilded.” (Cultural India.)

Diwan-i-Khas – Fort Delhi

“The Diwan-i-Khass (‘Hall of Private Audience’) is a highly-ornamented pillared hall, with a flat ceiling supported on engrailed arches. The lower portion of its piers is ornamented with floral pietra dura panels, while the upper portion was originally gilded and painted. Its marble dias is said to have supported the famous Peacock Throne, carried away by the Persian invader Nadir Shah.” (ASI)


Interior Dewan Khas, Fort Delhi
Built by Emperor Shahjahan between 1638 & 1648 A. D.;
(Diwan-i-Khas, see previous image.)


Interior of Dewan-i-Khass. Delhi.
Published G.B.V. Ghoni, Bombay. 1900s


The Interior of Diwan Khas, Fort Delhi (India).

Caption:
Built by the Emperor Shan Jahan between 1638 A. D. and 1648 A. D. In this Hall was the famous peacock throne worth of two hundred million. It is called that the figures of two peacocks standing behind it, their tails being expanded and whole so inlaid with sapphires, rubbies, diamonds, pearls and other precious stones of appropriate colour as to the represent life.

Street View


Marble Throne, Diwan-i-Am (public audience hall).

“The Diwan-i-Am (Hall of Public Audience) is a rectangular hall, three aisle deep, with a façade of nine arches. At the back of the hall is an alcove, where the royal throne stood under a marble canopy, with an inlaid marble dias below it for the prime minister. The wall behind the throne is ornamented with beautiful panels of pietra dura work, said to have been executed by Austin de Bordeaux, a Florentine artist.” (ASI)

More images of Diwan-i-Am on Wikipedia Commons.


First part of King Bath in Fort, Delhi, (India).

“The Hammam (‘Bath’) consists of three main apartments divided by corridors. The entire interior, including the floor, is built of marble and inlaid with coloured stones. The baths were provided with ‘hot and cold water’, and it is said that one of the fountains in the easternmost apartment emitted rose water.” (ASI)

“The Hammam is basically a building that housed the baths, used by the emperors. On the eastern apartment, stood the dressing room. In the western apartment, hot water used to flow through the taps. It is said that perfumed rose water was used for bathing purpose. The interiors of Hammam were embellished with floral designs and white marble.” (Cultural India.)


The King Bath in Fort Delhi.

Postcard Dates

Scale of Justice, Fort Delhi: 1921+ (Published Lal Chand & Sons.)
Interior of Saman Burj and the Scale of Justice: Not sure. Maybe 1920s.
Diwan-i-Khas – Fort Delhi: : Not sure. Maybe 1920s.
Interior Dewan Khas, Fort Delhi: 1907-12 (Published H.A. Mirza & Sons, Delhi.)
The Interior of Diwan Khas, Fort Delhi (India): 1907-12 (Published H.A. Mirza & Sons, Delhi.)
Marble Throne: No details. 1920-1950
First part of King Bath in Fort, Delhi, (India): World War I era or later. (“British Manufacture Throughout” printed on back.)
The King Bath in Fort Delhi: 1907-12 (Published H.A. Mirza & Sons, Delhi.)

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